Internal HDD is useful for increasing storage capacity if the data on your PC is full. However, there are some things that need to be considered when choosing an internal HDD that might confuse some users. Check out the following article if you are still unsure when choosing an internal HDD. We will review how to choose an internal HDD based on several factors.
How to choose an internal HDD You need to pay attention to capacity, size, spin speed and cache when selecting an internal HDD. Capacity and size are the most important points so they need to be considered carefully. An error in determining the category may result in the internal HDD not being installed on your PC. On the other hand, the rotation and cache speed relates to the HDD’s ability to write and read data. You need to pay attention to this too if needed.
Choose a size of 3.5 inches or 2.5 inches as needed
HDD type 3.5 inch and type 2.5 inch have different thickness and weight. Thus, you need to adapt it to the structure of the PC or HDD case you want to install. In principle, 3.5-inch internal HDDs are the mainstream size for desktop computers . Meanwhile, the 2.5-inch type HDD is commonly used as a portable HDD.
If you want to buy an internal HDD and case for home PC use, go for the 3.5 inch size. However, if you are using it portably, we recommend using a case and a 2.5 inch type HDD.
The 2.5 inch type HDD has various thicknesses, namely 7 mm, 9.5 mm, and 15 mm which need to be checked. If you do not understand, you can buy a size of 7 mm, then adjust the thickness. A thin HDD can be adapted to a thick HDD, whereas a thick HDD cannot be matched with a thin HDD. So, pay close attention to this.
Select the HDD capacity according to the OS at the 2.2 TB limit
The definition of the 2.2 TB limit may occur when you use the internal HDD on certain OS systems. PCs using older OS may not recognize capacity of 2.2 TB or more. However, these criteria may differ depending on the use of Windows or mac OS.
For Windows: select Windows Vista and above for HDDs above 2.2TB
If you use HDD only to increase data storage without installing OS, you won’t encounter any problem. This applies to the use of Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Windows OS versions above it. Windows XP will also not cause problems if the OS installed is a 64-bit version. However, this does not apply if you want to install an OS, except for a 64-bit version on a certain Windows OS. Windows OS in question is Windows Vista, Windows 7, or the latest Windows OS.
Adding a HDD of more than 2.2 TB in Windows Vista or above should not cause a problem. However, you need to install the OS 64-bit version of Windows Vista or a version of Windows above. On the other hand, you can choose an HDD with a capacity of less than 2 TB if you are using Windows XP OS.
For macOS: choose less than 2.2 TB of capacity on the 32-bit version
If you are a user of the 64-bit version of macOS, the system can recognize HDD with a capacity of more than 2.2 TB. However, 32-bit versions of macOS may not recognize additional HDDs with a capacity greater than 2.2 TB. However, you don’t need to replace the standard HDD from the operating system on a mac or increase its capacity. In this context, the HDD in question is not an internal HDD, but an external HDD. You need to see manual and correspondence tables on an external HDD. You can also easily find out the HDD capacity that can be added.
Choose performance with an economical ratio of capacity and cost
HDD capacity can be easier to choose if the OS on your PC is not having a problem with the 2.2 TB limit. If you don’t know which HDD capacity to choose, choose a product based on the price and performance comparison.
For 3.5 inch HDD: choose 3 TB – 4 TB mainstream capacity with good cost to performance ratio
Some 3.5-inch HDDs of 1 TB – 2 TB can have a poor cost to performance ratio . If so, you can choose a HDD with a capacity of 3 TB – 8 TB. Additionally, the cost to performance ratio tends to deteriorate on some HDDs with capacities exceeding 10 TB.
In addition, several mainstream HDDs including 3-4 TB capacities are sold at attractive prices. HDDs with this capacity are mostly sold at a price range of between one million and two million rupiah. You can choose products with these characteristics if needed.
For 2.5 inch HDD: choose mainstream 500 GB to 1 TB capacity
2.5-inch HDDs in general tend to have lower capacities when compared to 3.5-inch HDDs. Meanwhile, mainstream 2.5-inch HDDs usually have a capacity of 500 GB to 2 TB. In addition, there are not many products with capacities exceeding 3 TB.
The price of a 2.5 inch HDD is relatively economical with several products being purchased for less than one million rupiah. In addition, the cost-to-performance ratio of a 2.5-inch HDD isn’t bad when compared to a 3.5-inch HDD.
Choose based on spin speed and cache
The speed of writing and reading data is related to the rotation and cache speed normally stated in the product specifications. Both of these categories you need to pay close attention to if you are concerned with writing data speed. The following is a review of each category that you can check when choosing an internal HDD.
Select 7200 rpm for application usage and 5400 rpm for data storage
The number of revolutions per minute is usually abbreviated as the rpm ( revolutions per minute ) notation . That is, 7200 rpm indicates the ability of the HDD to perform 7200 revolutions per minute. Meanwhile, 5400 rpm is HDD capability with 5400 revolutions per minute.
HDD 7200 rpm rotates more, resulting in faster data transfer speeds than HDD 5400 rpm. In addition, the 7200 rpm HDD is smoother when running heavy applications than the 5400 rpm HDD. On the other hand, the large number of revolutions makes the 7200 rpm HDD sound relatively noisy. In addition, 7200 rpm HDDs are generally sold at a higher price than 5400 rpm HDDs.
The 5400 rpm type HDD is slower in writing and reading data when compared to the 7200 rpm type HDD. As a result, HDD with 5400 rpm will be hampered when operating tough applications. However, a 5400 rpm HDD is quieter to operate and costs less than a 7200 rpm HDD.
In conclusion, HDD 7200 rpm is good to use when you are doing OS installations and heavy application operations. You can choose a 7200 rpm HDD if you frequently move large amounts of data. Furthermore, a 5400 rpm HDD can be selected if you want quiet operation or an economical HDD. You can also choose a 5400 rpm HDD if you use the HDD for data storage only.
Choose an internal HDD with a large cache
The higher the cache value , the faster the data write and read speed. However, the effect of the cache size is less pronounced when compared to the number of rpm. The cache size is influenced by the amount of data used. The cache is designed to be bigger according to the larger HDD capacity. Therefore, the cache value on a 1 TB HDD is different from the cache value on a 10 TB HDD.
If a product offers different caches at the same HDD capacity, choose an HDD with a large cache . This way, you will get smoother data writing. Presumably, HDD loop values are easier to understand for some users than cache values . Therefore, if you are confused about the definition of cache values , choose HDD based on rotation speed only.
HDD is a perishable item
HDD is one part among various PC components that are easily obsolete and easily damaged. Those of you who are accustomed to using computers will find HDD performance getting heavier in two to three years. The frequency of reading and writing data is a part that affects the lifespan of the HDD. If you frequently do reads and writes via HDD every day, the HDD usage period will get shorter.
We recommend that you separate the use of HDD for data storage and installation of OS and applications. You can use an external HDD for data storage only. If you do this, the HDD life will not be drastically reduced. After that, you can move data to a new HDD when the HDD condition for data storage gets worse.
Conclusion You can save more data if you upgrade the internal HDD. If necessary, you can also backup data regularly via a cloud system or external storage media.
However, you need to be careful because large capacity results in a poor cost to performance ratio for some products. So, choose an internal HDD according to the budget and capacity that suits your needs. Hope this article was able to help you!